In the year 1920, the Government of Madras undertook an exhaustive enquiry about the living conditions of the workers who were not working in factories. The reason for this was that by that time the Government had already appointed one Chief Inspector of Factories and two Inspectors of Factories to look after the welfare and working conditions of the workmen employed in the factories and the workers outside the factories had nobody to take care of their welfare.

The officer appointed to conduct the enquiry was Sir George Paddison, I.C.S. He became the first Commissioner of Labour in 1920 charged with the duty of the betterment of labourers and the department under him came to be known as the Labour Department. In the same year as the Commissioner of Labour was already dealing with non-industrial labour he was found to be the officer best suited for dealing with Industrial Labour also.

The Government therefore, placed the Factories Department under the control of the Commissioner of Labour who thus became the head of both the Labour and the Factories Departments. Subsequently in the year 1987 the Factories Department was separated from the Labour Department. Slowly the Department of Labour had expanded and it has on its rolls as on date.
Designation No. of Posts
Commissioner of Labour 1
Additional Commissioner of Labour 1
Joint Commissioner of Labour 6
Deputy Commissioner of Labour 13
Assistant Commissioner of Labour 20
Labour Officer 18
Inspector of Labour 30
Administrative Officer 3
Accounts Officer 1
Inspectresses of Labour 3
Inspector of Plantations 10
Assistant Surgeon (Plantations) 2
Deputy Inspector of LabourĀ  68
Assistant Inspector of Labour 218
Stamping Inspector of Labour 101
Statistical Inspector 12
Superintendent 38
Up-Graded Superintendent 80
Accountant 2
Librarian 1
Assistant 355
Junior Assistant 211
Steno-Typist 60
Typist 82
Telephone Operator 1
Record Clerk 11
Record Assistant 2
Driver 33
Junior Assistant-Cum-Typist 3
Instrument Mechanic 2
Stamping Smith 101
Daffador 1
Maistry 1
Office Assistant 473
Watchman 46
Sweeper 1
Masalchi 2
Total 2014